This booklet is designed to give an overview of all the learning targets for students in Grade 5 throughout the year. The aim is that by the end of their year in Grade 5, every student at BWYA will be able to achieve all of the outcomes identified in this booklet. However, these standards are by no means meant to limit a student’s achievement, with all students encouraged to extend themselves to learn and grow to their potential.
The standards identified in this booklet come from highly respected curricula from around the world and were chosen because they are developmentally appropriate and sequentially build on each other from year to year. Teaching goals, assessments and student reports at the BWYA primary school all align to these standards, and these standards also align to those used in the BWYA secondary school.
It is hoped that this booklet will enhance parents’ understanding of what their child should be learning during Grade 5 and enable parents to better partner with the school in seeing their child be successful. Both parents and teachers are able to refer to the standards during conversations and then plan future growth goals in line with the standards’ expectations. Through this, everyone can work together in unity for the benefit of the child.
The standards for Grade 5 cover the following learning areas:
The BWYA English Language Arts Standards come from the United States Common Core Standards.
The BWYA Mathematics Standards come from the United States Common Core Standards.
In Grade 5, instructional time should focus on three critical areas:
Developing fluency with addition and subtraction of fractions, and developing understanding of the multiplication of fractions and of division of fractions in limited cases (unit fractions divided by whole numbers and whole numbers divided by unit fractions);
Extending division to 2-digit divisors, integrating decimal fractions into the place value system and developing understanding of operations with decimals to hundredths, and developing fluency with whole number and decimal operations;
Developing understanding of volume.
(1) Students apply their understanding of fractions and fraction models to represent the addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators as equivalent calculations with like denominators. They develop fluency in calculating sums and differences of fractions and make reasonable estimates of them. Students also use the meaning of fractions, of multiplication and division, and the relationship between multiplication and division to understand and explain why the procedures for multiplying and dividing fractions make sense. (Note: this is limited to the case of dividing unit fractions by whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions.)
(2) Students develop understanding of why division procedures work based on the meaning of base-ten numerals and properties of operations. They finalize fluency with multi-digit addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They apply their understandings of models for decimals, decimal notation, and properties of operations to add and subtract decimals to hundredths. They develop fluency in these computations and make reasonable estimates of their results. Students use the relationship between decimals and fractions, as well as the relationship between finite decimals and whole numbers (i.e., a finite decimal multiplied by an appropriate power of 10 is a whole number), to understand and explain why the procedures for multiplying and dividing finite decimals make sense. They compute products and quotients of decimals to hundredths efficiently and accurately.
(3) Students recognize volume as an attribute of three-dimensional space. They understand that volume can be measured by finding the total number of same-size units of volume required to fill the space without gaps or overlaps. They understand that a 1-unit by 1-unit by 1-unit cube is the standard unit for measuring volume. They select appropriate units, strategies, and tools for solving problems that involve estimating and measuring volume. They decompose three-dimensional shapes and find volumes of right rectangular prisms by viewing them as decomposed into layers of arrays of cubes. They measure necessary attributes of shapes in order to determine volumes to solve real world and mathematical problems.
The BWYA Science and Engineering Standards come from the US Next Generations Science Standards.
The performance expectations in fifth grade help students formulate answers to questions such as: “When matter changes, does its weight change? How much water can be found in different places on Earth? Can new substances be created by combining other substances? How does matter cycle through ecosystems? Where does the energy in food come from and what is it used for? How do lengths and directions of shadows or relative lengths of day and night change from day to day, and how does the appearance of some stars change in different seasons?”
Students are able to describe that matter is made of particles too small to be seen through the development of a model. Students develop an understanding of the idea that regardless of the type of change that matter undergoes, the total weight of matter is conserved. Students determine whether the mixing of two or more substances results in new substances.
Through the development of a model using an example, students are able to describe ways the geosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and/or atmosphere interact. They describe and graph data to provide evidence about the distribution of water on Earth.
Students develop an understanding of the idea that plants get the materials they need for growth chiefly from air and water. Using models, students can describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment and that energy in animals’ food was once energy from the sun.
Students are expected to develop an understanding of patterns of daily changes in length and direction of shadows, day and night, and the seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky.
The crosscutting concepts of patterns; cause and effect; scale, proportion, and quantity; energy and matter; and systems and systems models are called out as organizing concepts for these disciplinary core ideas.
In the fifth grade performance expectations, students are expected to demonstrate grade-appropriate proficiency in developing and using models, planning and carrying out investigations, analysing and interpreting data, using mathematics and computational thinking, engaging in argument from evidence, and obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information; and to use these practices to demonstrate understanding of the core ideas.
The BWYA Units of Inquiry Standards come from the International Primary Curriculum.
The BWYA Chinese Studies Standards come from the Chinese National Curriculum.
The BWYA Music Standards come from the US National Association for Music Education.
The BWYA Visual Arts Standards come from the US National Art Education Association.
The BWYA Drama Standards come from the US Educational Theatre Association’s Core Theatre Standards.
The BWYA Physical Education Standards come from the Shape America Grade Level Outcomes.
By the end of Grade 5, the learner will demonstrate competence in fundamental motor skills and selected combinations of skills; use basic movement concepts in dance, gymnastics and small-sided practice tasks; identify basic health-related fitness concepts; exhibit acceptance of self and others in physical activities; and identify the benefits of a physically active lifestyle.
The BWYA Schoolwide Learner Outcomes were developed by Beijing World Youth Academy.
We show respect in the way we treat others and are tolerant of our differences
We show our international-mindedness in the way we work to make our school, community, and world a better place.
We show our fairness in the way we share, listen, stay open-minded, and play by the rules.
We show that we are caring in the way that we are kind, compassionate, and happy to help.
We show our resilience in the way that we persevere, believe in ourselves, and always do our best.
We show our adaptability in the way that we are flexible, abide by local rules and customs, and practice ‘give and take’.
We show our knowledge by having inquiring minds, and by striving to be independent learners that are happy to engage socially and intellectually.